Symptoms of Diabetes
Diabetes symptom often develop gradually and are hard to identify because many of its symptoms seem so harmless. Below are some of the symptoms of diabetes :
- feel tired
- feel ill
- frequent urination, especially at night
- excessive thirst
- sudden weight loss
- blurred vision
- easily expose to skin infection
- slow healing of infection
health related problem for instances, heart disease, change in vision, numbness in the feet and leg or sores that are slow to heal.
If you found yourself having the above diabetes symptoms, go for a medical checkup immediately. But, not all diabetes patients have the above symptoms.
How Diabetes happen?
Digestive system breaks food down into glucose or sugar. Glucose is the main energy source used by the body to fuel almost every action it performs. Glucose is then absorbed into the bloodstream, causing blood glucose levels to rise. In response to the rise of blood glucose, an organ in our body called pancreas will release out hormone insulin. Insulin will control the amount of glucose circulating in the blood by controlling the uptake of glucose into body cells. Diabetes happen when the body has a problem making insulin or the cells do not respond to insulin in the right way causing glucose level in the bloodstream to rise.
Who Get Diabetes?
Anybody can gets diabetes. However, certain people are more easily expose to the risk of diagnosing diabetes. Below are factors that will increase the chances of a person diagnosing diabetes:
- Being overweight (Body-Mass Index of 25+)
- Carrying fat around the waist and stomach
- Being sedentary or physical inactivity / lack of exercise.
- Doesn't practice a balance diet.
- Advancing Age - Being more than 45 years old (being over 65 increases risk even further)
- Having a family history of diabetes /heredity.
- Having high blood pressure (140/90 mm/Hg or higher)
- Having a low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level (less than 35)
- Prior history of gestational diabetes or having a baby that weighed 9 lbs or more
- Race / ethnicity - Being of Asian-American, African-American, Latino, or Native American descent due to heredity and environmental factors, such as diet and lifestyle, average almost twice the risk of developing Type 2 diabetic.
- Having a high triglyceride level (250 or above)
In order to reduce the risk of developing the complication of diabetes, dietary and lifestyle modification are essential to control against elevations in blood sugar.
Keeping an Ideal Weight
For those who are overweight, reduction in body weight will help. Prevention of diabetic has to be approached as a lifelong goal, and so gradual weight loss, which can be sustained, is the most effective and appropriate strategy.
An ideal weight stand at - Body Mass Index (BMI) between 18.5 to less than 25.0.
Body Mass Index or BMI is a tool indicating weight status in adults. It is a measure of weight for height. For adults over 20 years old, BMI falls into one of these categories:
BMI - Weight Status
< 18.5 Underweight
18.5 – 24.9 Normal
25.0 – 29.9 Overweight
> 30.0 Obese
Body Mass Index can be calculated using kilograms and meters (or centimeters). BMI = Weight in Kilograms (Height in Meters) x (Height in Meters)
Research show that increasing physical activity levels will shrink any existing insulin resistance and reduce the deposition of fat around abdomen. Exercises use up blood glucose and burn fat in the body. Thus, improving blood circulation. An ideal target of physical activity levels is at least 30 minutes of moderate activity daily to fend off the condition.
Practice nutritious and balance diet throughout life. Avoid food that are high-fat, eat more fruits and vegetables.